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Eighth to 10th Century (Age of three empires in North India)

Medieval India



 


Eighth to 10th Century (Age of three empires in North India)

 Pala –East

 Pratihara – West and Upper Gangetic Valley

 Rashtrakuta – Deccan

 Rashtrakutas lasted the longest

For a long time, Kanauj was considered the symbol of political unity of India (like Delhi was later)


Palas

 Founder: Gopala

 Gopala – Dharmapala - Devpala

 Dhramapala

o defeated by Rashtrakuta ruler Dhruva

o revived Nalanda Univ

o founded Vikramsila Univ

o Buddhism developed

 relations with Tibet and SE Asia


Pratiharas

 Founder: Bhoja

 Bhoja – Mahendrapala I - Mahipala

 Bhoja (aka Adivaraha)

o Capital at Kanauj

 Mahipala

o Sankrit poet and dramatist Rajashekhar lived at his court

 Hostility with Arab and Sindh


Rashtrakutas

 Founder: Dantidurga

 Dantidurga – - Govinda III – Amoghvarsha (Jain) - - Indra III – Vallabhraja – Krishna III

 Capital: Malkhed near Sholapur

 Amoghvarsha

o Wrote the first Kannada book on Poetics

o Capital: Manyakhet

 Indra III – most powerful ruler of his time

 Krishna I built Shiva temple at Ellora

 Apbhransha poet: Svayambhu

 Princess Chandrobalabbe (daughter of Amoghavarsha) administered Raichur

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